He noted that the body was capable of repairing itself using fatty acids as a major component of the diet.
He said there were about four million diabetics in Ghana whilst records of the health statistics unit of the Ghana Health Service indicated that from 2005 to 2009, the annual cases of diabetes increased from about 40,000 to about 104,000.
“Diabetes according to the World Health Organisation, is said to be one of the rising killer diseases globally, claiming one life every eight seconds and a limb lost at every 30 seconds, but healthy diet habit can also be adopted to reduce the high incidence rate.”
Diabetes is caused by the failure of the “power-house” of the cell to use glucose to produce energy. The “power-house” is known as mitochondrial matrix.
People with diabetes fail to convert most of the glucose into energy. Hence, glucose builds up in the blood and passes out of the body as part of the urine.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.
In Ghana, about four million people may be affected with diabetes mellitus, which is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, a condition which could be attributed to a situation where either the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced; but it could be controlled and managed with little injections of insulin.
Type 1diabetes, previously called Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes, may account for 5 per cent to 10 per cent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
Risk factors are less well defined for Type 1 diabetes than for Type 2 diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are involved in the development of this type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90 per cent to 95 per cent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity.
Dr Kyiamah noted that diet plays an important role in the onset of diabetes. Therefore, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, maintaining healthy weight, high fiber diet, low fat intake and reduction in carbohydrates.
“Various supplements, mainly antioxidants are recommended; the role of antioxidants is to prevent the oxidation of poly unsaturated fatty acids and alcohol. Antioxidants would not be necessary if the body’s preferred fatty acids are used”, he added.